Publications and Other Products
Academic publications produced as part of the Fire & Ice project are listed below. Fire & Ice scientists plan to produce at least 70 publications stemming from F&I research over the five years of the project and beyond.
Also listed below are the DEW K-12 curriculum, as well as other products created in the Fire & Ice project. You can also find a page of links to presentations from our annual All-Hands Meetings.
Badola, A., Panda, S.K., Roberts, D.A., Waigl, C.F., Bhatt, U.S., Smith, C.W., Jandt, R.R. (2021). Hyperspectral data simulation (Sentinel-2 to AVIRIS-NG) for improved wildfire fuel mapping, Boreal Alaska. Remote Sens., 13, 1693. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13091693
Bhatt, U.S., Lader, R.T., Walsh, J.E., Bieniek, P.A., Thoman, R., Berman, M., Borries-Strigle, C., Bulock, K., Chriest, J., Hahn, M., Hendricks, A.S., Jandt, R., Little, J., McEvoy, D., Moore, C., Rupp, T.S., Schmidt, J., Stevens, E., Strader, H., Waigl, C., White, J., York, A., and R. Ziel. (2021). Emerging anthropogenic influences on the Southcentral Alaska temperature and precipitation extremes and related fires in 2019. Land, 10(1), 82. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010082
Bieniek, P.A., Bhatt, U.S., York, A., Walsh, J.E., Lader, R., Strader, H., Ziel, R., Jandt, R.R. and Thoman, R. (2020). “Lightning variability in dynamically downscaled simulations of Alaska’s present and future summer climate.” J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 59, 1139–1152. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0209.1.
Hahn, M.B., Kuiper, G., O’Dell, K., Fischer, E.V., & S. Magzamen. (2021). Wildfire smoke is associated with an increased risk of cardiorespiratory emergency department visits in Alaska. GeoHealth, 5, e2020GH000349. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GH000349
Sampath, A., Bhatt, U.S., Bieniek P.A., Ziel, R., York, A., Strader, H., Alden, S., Thoman, R., Brettschneider, B., Petrescu, E., Peng. P. and Sarah Mitchell. (2021). Evaluation of seasonal forecasts for the fire season in Interior Alaska. Weather and Forecasting, 36(2), 601-613. https://doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-19-0225.1
Scholten, R.C., Jandt, R., Miller, E.A. et al. Overwintering fires in boreal forests. Nature, 593, 399–404 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03437-y
Smith, C.W., Panda, S.K., Bhatt, U.S., Meyer, F.J. (2021). Improved boreal forest wildfire fuel type mapping in Interior Alaska Using AVIRIS-NG hyperspectral data. Remote Sens., 13(5), 897. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13050897
Smith, C.W.; Panda, S.K.; Bhatt, U.S.; Meyer, F.J.; Badola, A. and J.L. Hrobak. (2021). Assessing wildfire burn severity and its relationship with environmental factors: A case study in Interior Alaska boreal forest. Remote Sens., 13(10), 1966. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13101966
York, A., Bhatt, U.S., Gargulinski, E., Grabinski, Z., Jain, P., Soja, A., Thoman, R.L. and R. Ziel. (2020). Wildland fire in high northern latitudes. In: NOAA Arctic Report Card 2020, R.L. Thoman, J. Richter-Menge, and M.L. Druckenmiller, Eds. https://doi.org/10.25923/2gef-3964
York, Alison, Bhatt, U.S., Gargulinski, E., Grabinski, Z., Jain, P., Soja, A., Thoman, R.L. and R. Ziel (2021). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102(8). https://doi.org/10.25923/2gef-3964
Ziel, R.H., Bieniek, P.A., Bhatt, U.S., Strader, H., Rupp, T.S. and A. York. (2020). “A comparison of fire weather indices with MODIS fire days for the natural regions of Alaska forests.” Forests, 11(5): 516. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11050516
Bidlack, A.L., Bisbing, S.M., Buma, B.J., Diefenderfer, H.L., Fellman, J.B., Floyd, W.C., Giesbrecht, I., Lally, A., Lertzman, K.P., Perakis, S.S., Butman, D.E, D'Amore, D.V., Fleming, S.W., Hood, E.W., Hunt, B.P.V., Kiffney, P.M., McNicol, G., Menounos, B. and S.E. Tank. (2021). Climate-mediated changes to linked terrestrial and marine ecosystems across the Northeast Pacific Coastal Temperate Rainforest margin. BioScience, biaa171. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biaa171
Duncan, D.H. and A.H. Beaudreau. (2019). Spatiotemporal variation and size‐selective predation on hatchery‐ and wild‐born juvenile chum salmon at marine entry by nearshore fishes in Southeast Alaska. Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 11(5): 372-390. https://doi.org/10.1002/mcf2.10091
Edwards, R.T., D'Amore, D.V., Biles, F.E., Fellman, J.B., Hood, E.W., Trubilowicz, J.W., & W.C. Floyd. (2021). Riverine dissolved organic carbon and freshwater export in the eastern Gulf of Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 126, e2020JG005725. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JG005725
Fellman, J.B., Hood, E., Behnke, M.I., Welker, J.M., & R.G.M. Spencer. (2020). Stormflows drive stream carbon concentration, speciation, and dissolved organic matter composition in coastal temperate rainforest watersheds. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 125, e2020JG005804. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JG005804
Fellman, J.B., Hood, E., D’Amore, D.V. et al. (2021). Streamflow variability controls N and P export and speciation from Alaskan coastal temperate rainforest watersheds. Biogeochemistry, 152, 253–270. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-020-00752-w
Hauri, C., Pagès, R., McDonnell, A.M.P. et al. (2021). Modulation of ocean acidification by decadal climate variability in the Gulf of Alaska. Commun Earth Environ 2, 191. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00254-z
Hauri, C., Schultz, C., Hedstrom, K., Danielson, S., Irving. B., Doney, S.C., Dussin, R., Curchitser, E.N., Hill, D.F. and Charles A. Stock. (2020). A regional hindcast model simulating ecosystem dynamics, inorganic carbon chemistry and ocean acidification in the Gulf of Alaska. Biogeosciences, 17, 3837-3857. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-3837-2020
Holt, A.D., Fellman, J., Hood, E. et al. (2021). The evolution of stream dissolved organic matter composition following glacier retreat in coastal watersheds of southeast Alaska. Biogeochemistry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-021-00815-6
Hood, E., Fellman, J. B., & R.G.M. Spencer. (2020). Glacier loss impacts riverine organic carbon transport to the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL089804. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL089804
Hood, E., Fellman, J., Edwards, R.T., D’Amore, D.V., Scott, D. (2019). Salmon-derived nutrient and organic matter fluxes from a coastal catchment in southeast Alaska. Freshwater Biology, 64: 1157-1168. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13292
Johnson, M. (2021). Subtidal surface circulation in lower Cook Inlet and Kachemak Bay, Alaska. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 41, 101609. https://doi.org/0.1016/j.rsma.2021.101609
Kienholz, C., Pierce, J., Hood, E., Amundson, J.M., Wolken, G.J., Jacobs, A., Hart, S., Wikstrom-Jones, K., Abdel-Fattah, D., Johnson, C, and J.S. Conaway. (2020) Deglacierization of a marginal basin and implications for outburst floods, Mendenhall Glacier, Alaska. Frontiers in Earth Science, (8), 137. https://www.doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.00137
Konar, B., Mitchell, T.J., Iken, K., Coletti, H., Dean, T., Esler, D., Lindeberg, M., Pister, B. and B Weitzman. (2019). Wasting disease and static environmental variables drive sea star assemblages in the Northern Gulf of Alaska. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 520: 151209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2019.151209
McCabe, M.K. and Brenda Konar (2021). Influence of environmental attributes on intertidal community structure in glacial estuaries. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2021.104986
Miller, C.A. & A.L. Kelley (2021). Alkalinity cycling and carbonate chemistry decoupling in seagrass mystify processes of acidification mitigation. Sci Rep 11, 13500. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92771-2
Myers, H.J., D.W. Olsen, C.O. Matkin, L.A. Horstmann, and B. Konar (2021). Passive acoustic monitoring of killer whales (Orcinus orca) reveals year-round distribution and residency patterns in the Gulf of Alaska. Scientific Reports. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-99668-0
Pitman, K.J, Moore, J.W., Sloat, M.R., Beaudreau, A.H., Bidlack, A.L., Brenner, R.E., Hood, E.W., Pess, G.R., Mantua, N.J., Milner, A.M., Radic, V., Reeves, G.H., Schindler, D.E. and D.C. Whited. (2020). Glacial retreat and Pacific salmon. BioScience, 7(3): 220–236. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biaa015
Ulaski, B.P., Konar, B. and E.O. Otis. (2020). Seaweed reproduction and harvest rebound in Southcentral Alaska: Implications for wild stock management. Estuaries and Coasts. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-020-00740-1
Weitzman, B. and B. Konar. (2021). Biological correlates of sea urchin recruitment in kelp forest and urchin barren habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 663, 115–125. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13621
Williamson, E.R. & C.J. Sergeant (2021). Independent validation of downscaled climate estimates from a coastal Alaska watershed using local historical weather journals. PeerJ. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.12055
Carsten Conner, L.D. & S. Perin. (2020). Learning from the real vs. the replicated: a comparative study. International Journal of Science Education, 10(3), 266-276. https://doi.org/10.1080/21548455.2020.1831707
Young, J., Carsten-Conner, L.D. and Erin Pettit (2020). ‘You really see it’: environmental identity shifts through interacting with a climate change-impacted glacier landscape. International Journal of Science Education, 42:18, 3049-3070. https://www.doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2020.1851065
Young, J., Pettit, E., Arendt, A., Hood, E., Liston, G. and J. Beamer (2021). A changing hydrological regime: Trends in magnitude and timing of glacier ice melt and glacier runoff in a high-latitude coastal watershed. Water Resources Research. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020WR027404
Boreal Fires Curriculum
The Fire & Ice Diversity, Education and Workforce Development (DEW) component has developed a set of five fire lessons in collaboration with the BLM Campbell Creek Science Centerand the Fairbanks North Star Borough School District 21st Century Learning Program. The curriculum is designed for 3rd-5th grade learners but content can be adapted for lower or higher grade levels.
The curriculum engages students in observation and science sense-making through fun, interactive activities such as storytelling and gameplay. The lessons explore wildfire as a naturally occurring cycle that can be influenced by human activities.
Background Information on Wildfires in Alaska (6 pages) gives science background about fires and describes the alignment of lessons with NGSS and Alaska State standards, including an emphasis on systems thinking.
Lesson 1: The Fire Cycle (9 pages) tells a story about the fire cycle and asks students to describe and theorize about the stages of the fire cycle by rearranging story cards.
Lesson 2: The Fire Triangle (8 pages) asks students to engage in observation and sense-making around the three parts of the fire triangle — fuel, oxygen, and heat.
Introduction to Lessons 3-5 (3 pages) describes the Forest Fire Scenario Game, an interactive activity that is a central element of the final three lessons.
Lesson 3: Fire Behavior - Basics (10 pages) has small groups work through a fire scenario and make a stop-motion animation to share with the class.
Lesson 4: Fire Behavior - Firefighters, Fuel Loads, Prescribed Burns (5 pages) has small groups work through different fire scenarios and discuss the outcomes with peers.
Lesson 5: Fire Behavior - Chance and Occurrence (6 pages) has small groups make a forest model and experiment with different conditions, observing what happens when factors such as climate, wind, and topography change.
Fire & Ice collaborated with the Alaska Fire Science Consortium to produce a wildfire safety brochure in February 2021. The document is based on interviews with wildfire agency staff
and with residents of the area devastated by 2019's McKinley Fire. The 4-page brochure
includes key tips in the areas of fire preparedness, evacuation and recovery.
In June 2020 Alaska NSF EPSCoR held its first-ever Game Jam, in which participants from across the world competed to design video games on a Fire & Ice theme. EPSCoR ultimately received 7 entries, of which 5 are currently playable or downloadable online. The first place winner was Extended Care Unit Room 19B, a text-based medical mystery by user "Ambrosio." Second was Climatic, a climate-based strategy game from "Blue Birdy. Third was a side-scrolling data-gathering adventure, Alaska DataQuest, by "casperquincy," which also won the "Best Use of Theme" award.
We've also produced a number of videos and recorded a number of our events, all of which are available on our Highlights page. Among the most noteworthy are:
- The Wildfire and Wine Science Pub, an informal November 2021 presentation about wildfires and their impacts on the
- Applying for Agency Jobs, a November 2021 presentation featuring Chris Siddon of the Alaska Department of Fish
& Game and Daniel Esler of the USGS;
- The 2021 EPSCoR Tour Guide Workshop , a Zoom science primer including presentations on climate change by Rick Thoman, glaciers by Eric Klein, volcanoes by Brandon Browne,Bears by Marian Snively, and the aurora borealis by Omega Smith;
- The McKinley Fire - Rebuilding and Lessons Learned, a video in which area residents and fire crews discuss the 2019 McKinley Fire and what they've gleaned from the experience; and
- A three-part Animation Workshop from October 2021 that focused on the free software Blender.