D. Lee Taylor

Associate Professor

University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 757000
224 West Ridge Research Building 
Fairbanks, Alaska 99775
● Plant & Microbial Biology ● Agronomy
   (IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence)
● University of Alaska Fairbanks
   Institute of Arctic Biology
   Life Science Informatics
● Functional diversity & community structure in soil microbes
● Evolutionary dynamics of plant-microbe interactions
●B.S. 1989 Biology
   Yale University, New Haven, CT
B.S. 1990 Agronomy
   University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
● Ph.D. 1997 Plant & Microbial Biology
   University of California, Berkeley, CA
● Post Doctoral 1999 Evolutionary Biology
   University of California, Santa Barbara, CA
● Post doctoral 2002 Integrative Biology
   University of California, Berkeley, CA
Research Overview
Fungi have a 1 billion year evolutionary history, number perhaps 1.5 million species, and are hence extremely diverse phylogenetically and functionally. They play dominant roles in decomposition of recalcitrant substrates and plant nutrient acquisition, and thus influence net primary productivity, carbon sequestration in soil, and the biogeochemical cycling of key elements such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Despite their importance, fungi have often been ignored in ecological studies. Our goal is to understand how the evolutionary history of fungi has shaped their ecology, present distribution, and their communities.
Current Research Projects
Fungal Diversity
Plant- Ecosystem-level Consequences of Mutualist Partner Choice in Alder across a Forest Successional Sequence in Interior Alaska
IPY: A Community Genomics Investigation of Fungal Adaptations to Cold
Microbe Interactions.

Peer Reviewed Publications (in chronological order)

1.      Taylor DL & Bruns TD. 1997. Independent, specialized invasions of ectomycorrhizal mutualism by two nonphotosynthetic orchids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA  94: 4510-4515.
2.     Bruns TD, Szaro TM, Gardes M, Cullings KW, Pan J, Taylor DL, Horton TR, Kretzer AM,Garbelotto M & Li Y. 1998. A sequence database for the identification of ectomycorrhizal Basidiomycetes by phylogenetic analysis. Molecular Ecology  7: 257-272.
3.     Taylor DL & TD Bruns.    1999. Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: minimal overlap between the mature forest and resistant propagule communities. Molecular Ecology 8: 1837-1850.
4.     Taylor DL & TD Bruns.    1999. Population, habitat and genetic correlates of mycorrhizal  specialization in the 'cheating' orchids Corallorhiza maculata and C. mertensiana. Molecular Ecology 8: 1719-1732.
5.     McKendrick SL, Leake JR, Taylor DL, & Read DJ. 2000. Symbiotic germination and development of myco-heterotrophic plants in nature: ontogeny of Corallorhiza trifida and characterization of its mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 145: 523-537.
6.     Taylor DL. 2000. A new dawn – the ecological genetics of mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 147: 236-239
7.     Kristiansen KA, Taylor DL, Kjøller R, Rasmussen HN, Rosendahl S. 2001.  Identification of mycorrhizal fungi from single pelotons of Dactylorhiza majalis (Orchidaceae) using single-strand conformation polymorphism and mitochondrial ribosomal large subunit DNA  sequences. Molecular Ecology 10: 2089-2093 [PMID: 11555252]
8.     Bruns TD, Bidartondo MI, Taylor DL. 2002. Host specificity in ectomycorrhizal communities: what do the exceptions tell us?  Integrative and Comparative Biology 42 (2): 352-359
9.     Simms EL & Taylor DL. 2002. Partner choice in nitrogen fixation mutualisms of legumes and rhizobia. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42 (2): 369-380
10.  McKendrick SL, Leake JR, Taylor DL, Read DJ.  2002. Symbiotic germination and development of the myco-heterotrophic orchid Neottia nidus-avis in nature and its requirement for locally distributed Sebacina spp. New Phytologist 154: 233-247
11.  Taylor DL, Bruns TD, Leake JR & Read DJ. 2002  Mycorrhizal specificity and function in myco heterotrophic plants. In: The Ecology of Mycorrhizas. Ecological Studies vol. 157. Ian R. Sanders and  Marcel van der Heijden, eds. pp 375-414. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
12.  Taylor DL, Bruns TD, Hodges SA.  2003. Divergence in mycorrhizal specialization with Hexalectris spicata (Orchidaceae), a nonphotosynthetic desert orchid. American Journal of Botany 90 (8): 1168-1179.
13.  Taylor DL, Bruns TD, Hodges SA.  2004.  Evidence for mycorrhizal races in a cheating orchid.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biological Sciences 271: 35-43.
14.  Taylor DL.  2004 Myco-heterotroph – fungus marriages - is fidelity over-rated? New Phytologist 163: 217-221.
15.  Lilleskov EA, Bruns TD, Horton TR, Taylor DL & Grogan, P. 2004. Detection of forest stand-level spatial structure in ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 49: 319-332.
16.  Shefferson RP, Weiss M, Kull T, Taylor DL.  2004. High specificity generally characterizes  mycorrhizal association in rare lady’s slipper orchids, genus Cypripedium. Molecular Ecology 14: 613-626 [PMID: 15660950]
17. Bruns TD, Baar J, Grogan P, Horton TR, Kretzer A, Redecker D, Tan J and Taylor DL. 2005 Natural history and community dynamics of ectomycorrhizal fungi following the Mt. Vision fire. pp33-40, In Lessens Learned from the October 1995 Mt. Vision Fire; CD ROM published by Points Reyes National Seashore.
18.  Geml J, Laursen GA, O’neill KO, Nusbaum HC, Taylor DL. 2006. Beringian origins and   cryptic speciation events in the Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria). Molecular Ecology 15: 225-239 [PMID: 16367842]
19.  Simms EL, Taylor DL, Povich J, Shefferson RP, Sachs JL, Urbina M & Tausczik Y. 2006 An empirical test of partner choice mechanisms in a wild legume–rhizobium interaction.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Biological Sciences 273: 77-81.
20.  Taylor DL, Herriott IC, Long J and O’Neill K. 2007. TOPO TA is A-OK: a test of phylogenetic bias in fungal environmental clone library construction.  Environmental Microbiology 9: 1329-1334. [PMID: 17472644]
21.  Shefferson RP, Taylor DL, Weiß M, Garnica S, McCormick MK, Adams S, Gray HM, McFarland JW, Kull T, Tali K, Yukawa T, Kawahara T, Miyoshi K, and Lee Y-I. 2007. Mycorrhizae are phylogenetically conserved among lady’s slipper orchids. Evolution 61: 1380-1390.
22.  Geml J, Laursen GA, Nusbaum HC and Taylor DL. 2007. Two new species of Agaricusfrom the Subantarctic. Mycotaxon 100: 193-208.
23.  Bidartondo MI, et al. 2008. Preserving accuracy in GenBank. Science 319(5870): 1616.
24.  Taylor DL & McCormick MK. 2008. Internal transcribed spacer primers and sequences for improved characterization of basidiomycetous orchid mycorrhizas. New Phytologist 177: 1020–1033. [PMID: 18086221]
25.  Taylor DL, Booth MG, McFarland JW, Herriott IC, Lennon NJ, Nusbaum C & Marr TG. 2008.  Increasing ecological inference from high throughput sequencing of fungi in the environment through a tagging approach. Molecular Ecology Resources 8 (4): 742 - 752. [PMID: 21585882] 
26.   Lombardo V, Hopkins SE, Selosse MA, Cozzolino S and Taylor DL. 2008. Isolation and characterization of new polymorphic microsatellite loci in the mixotrophic orchid Limodorum abortivum L. Swartz (Orchidaceae). Molecular Ecology Resources 8 (5): 1117-1120. [PMID: 21585989]
27.  Geml J, Tulloss RE, Laursen GA, Sazanova NA, Taylor DL. 2008. Evidence for stronginter- and intracontinental phylogeographic structure in Amanita muscaria, a wind-dispersed ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48 (2): 694-701. [PMID: 18547823]
28.  Geml J, Laursen GA, Taylor DL. 2008.  Molecular diversity assessment of arctic and boreal  Agaricus taxa from Alaska and Svalbard. Mycologia  100: 577-589. [PMID: 18833751]
29.  Geml J, Laursen GA, Timling I, McFarland J, Booth MG, Lennon N, Nusbaum HC, Taylor DL. 2009. Molecular phylogenetic biodiversity assessment of arctic and boreal ectomycorrhizal Lactarius Pers. (Russulales; Basidiomycota) in Alaska, based on soil and sporocarp DNA. Molecular Ecology 18: 2213–2227. [PMID: 19389163]
30.  Anderson MD, Ruess RR, Myrold DD, Taylor DL. 2009.  Host species and habitat affect nodulation by specific Frankia genotypes in two species of Alnus in interior Alaska. Oecologia 160 (4): 619-630. [PMID: 19352714]
31.  Larsen T, Taylor DL, Leigh MB, O’Brien DM. 2009. Stable isotope fingerprinting: a novel method for identifying plant, fungal, or bacterial origins of amino acids. Ecology 90 (12): 3526-3535. [PMID: 20120819]
32.  McCormick MK, Whigham DF, O’Neill JP, Becker JJ, Werner S, Rasmussen HN, Bruns TD, Taylor DL. 2009. Abundance and distribution of Corallorhiza odontorhiza reflects variations in climate and ectomycorrhizae. Ecological Monographs 79 (4): 619-635.
33.  Geml J, Tulloss RE, Laursen GA, Sazanova NA, Taylor DL, 2010.  Phylogeographicanalyses of a boreal-temperate ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Amanita muscaria, suggest forest refugia in Alaska during the Last Glacial Maximum. In: Phylogeography and Conservation Biology. Habel, Jan Christian; Assmann, Thorsten (Eds.) Springer, 449 p.
34.  Bent EL, Taylor DL. 2010. Direct amplification of DNA from fresh and preserved ectomycorrhizal root tips. Journal of Microbiological Methods 80 (2): 206-208. [PMID: 19963016]
35.  Leigh MB, Neufeld J, Taylor DL. 2010. Clone libraries of ribosomal RNA gene sequences for characterization of bacterial and fungal communities. In Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology. Timmis KN, McGenity T, Meer JR, Lorenzo V, eds. pp 3969-3993. Springer: Berlin.
36.  Barrett CF, Freudensten JV, Taylor DL, Koljalg U. 2010. Rangewide analysis of fungal associations in the holomycotrophic Corallorhiza striata complex (Orchidaceae) reveals extreme specificity on ectomycorrhizal Tomentella (Thelephoraceae) across North America. American Journal of Botany 97 (3): 628-643 [PMID: 21622425]
37.  Geml J, Kauff F, Laursen GA, Taylor DL. 2010. Genetic studies point to Beringia as a biodiversity hotspot for high-latitude fungi. Alaska Park Science 8(2): 37-41.
38.  Geml J, Kauff K, Brochmann C, Taylor DL. 2010. Surviving climate changes: high genetic
diversity and transoceanic gene flow in two arctic-alpine lichens, Flavocetraria cucullata and F. nivalis (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). Journal of Biogeography 37(8): 1529–1542.
39.  Geml J, Laursen GA, Herriott IC, McFarland JM, Booth MG, Lennon N, Nusbaum HC,Taylor DL. 2010. Phylogenetic and ecological analyses of soil and sporocarp DNAsequences reveal high diversity and strong habitat partitioning in the boreal ectomycorrhizal genus Russula Pers. (Russulales; Basidiomycota). New Phytologist 187(2): 494-507. [PMID: 20487310]
40.  Taylor DL, Herriott IC, Stone KE, McFarland JW, Booth MG, Leigh MB. 2010. Structure
and resilience of fungal communities in Alaskan boreal forest soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40(7): 1288–1301.
41.  Chapin FS, McGuire AD, Ruess RW, Hollingsworth TN, Mack MC, Johnstone JF, Kasischke ES, Euskirchen ES, Jones J, Jorgenson MT, Kielland K, Kofinas GP, Turetsky MR, Yarie J, Lloyd AH, and Taylor DL. 2010. Resilience of Alaska’s boreal forest to climatic change. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40(7): 1360–1370.
42.  Kennedy A, Taylor DL, Watson L. 2011. Mycorrhizal specificity in the fully mycoheterotrophic Hexalectris Raf. (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). Molecular Ecology. 20: 1303–1316. [PMID: 21255173]
43.  Taylor DL, Huston S. Sequence bioinformatics for analyses of fungal biodiversity. In Jin Rong Xu and Burton H. Bluhm (eds.), Fungal Genomics: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 722: 141-55, Springer {PMID: 21590418]
44.  Bent E, Keikel P, Rebecca Brenton R, Taylor DL. 2011. Ectomycorrhizal fungi are shared on the roots of boreal forest seedlings naturally regenerating after fire in interior Alaska, and different fungi are correlated with host growth responses. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77 (10): 3351-9 [PMID: 21441343]
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